​+86-185-6162-1213  info@bestglasstools.com
You are here: Home » News and Events » Applications and components of jib crane

Applications and components of jib crane

Views: 201     Author: zhongle     Publish Time: 2023-09-13      Origin: Site


facebook sharing button
twitter sharing button
line sharing button
wechat sharing button
linkedin sharing button
pinterest sharing button
whatsapp sharing button
sharethis sharing button
Applications and components of jib crane

1. Jib Crane Components

Jib cranes are made of a beam and a boom as their basic structure, with other parts added to improve and streamline the crane's function. To match the requirements of the process for which it was created, many accessories have been added to jib cranes; some have trolleys and electrical controls, while others are driven by wire ropes, levers, and chains.

The design and construction of jib cranes take into account a wide range of variables, each of which improves worker safety and productivity. Jib cranes have been designed, created, and altered from their fundamental design to accommodate a variety of lifting purposes. Related product: Electrical Jib Crane.

1.1 Mast Components

The vertical beam known as the mast is where the jib crane's parts are supported. Except for wall-mounted, wall-traveling, column-mounted, and ceiling-mounted jib cranes, they are present in the bulk of them. The mast is firmly fastened to the floor or walls of a building and is constructed of high-strength steel. They can be high enough to accommodate overhead cranes or to be coordinated with other operations, but they have enough clearance to prevent interfering with other processes.

Mast-mounted jib cranes are typically cantilever jib cranes that can rotate 360 degrees. Their primary difference is in how they are mounted, which might be foundational, sleeve, or plate fastened to the floor or walls.

1.2 Jib Crane Boom

Any form of jib crane's main weight-bearing component is the boom. It is a horizontal beam that projects from a mast, wall, ceiling, or column and is perpendicular to the ground. The hoist, which is used to raise and move the load, is housed on the boom. The boom is the support along which a trolley moves while it transports cargo in various jib crane models.

1.3 A Crane's Hoist

The component of a jib crane that lifts objects is called the hoist, and it is fastened to the boom. The components that make up a hoist are the lifting medium and the power source. For crane systems, there are countless varieties of hoists, each one tailored to a certain application's needs. Chain, wire rope, lever, and ratchet and lever hoists are a few examples. Hoists can be distinguished by their power source, which might be pneumatic, electrical, or manual.

1.4 Hoist a chain

Metal chains are used as the lifting medium in chain hoists, and the chains are drawn via sprockets and stored in containers. Chain hoists are the most often used of the numerous types of hoists since they are inexpensive and require little upkeep. They may be manually, electrically, or pneumatically propelled. Chain hoists' low capacity limits their use to lighter-weight applications, which is a disadvantage.

1.5 Wire Rope Hoist

A wire rope is used by wire rope hoists to lift objects. The wire rope is retracted around a grooved drum when it is engaged. They can lift ten tons or more and have a very quick lifting speed. Wire rope jib crane hoists can be utilized for extremely demanding heavy-duty applications and are quiet to operate.

1.6 Hoisting Manual

When speed and quickness are not a concern, manual hoists, which can be made of wire rope or chain, are used for sporadic lifting. One of the hoist's chains is used to lift the cargo, and the other chain is pulled manually by pulling it back and forth. Chain tugging causes the hoist's gears to shift, lifting the chain. The chain is deposited in a basket within the lift mechanism as the load rises.

1.7 Switch Hoist

Another type of manual hoist is the lever hoist, in which the user ratchets a lever rather than pulling a chain. Similar to the manual chain version, the chain is gathered into a basket as the lever is raised and lowered.

1.8 Lift Crane

The hoist can be moved horizontally along the top or bottom of the boom using a motorized trolley. Wire rope or chain hoists with a hook attached can be transported on trolleys. As the cargo is lifted by the hoist, they are held immobile and designed to move the whole length of the boom. A festoon system, which consists of a series of rollers or holders that look like trolleys and hold the power cables while following the path of the trolley, completes the organization of the cable power supply of a trolley.

1.9 Decorative System

Cables and power are delivered to the trolley and boom via a festoon system. Festoon systems come in a variety of designs that provide protection and management for electrical wires. On a C track, square rail, or I beam, which is the most typical for jib cranes, festoon systems can move. They offer direct contact for jib crane parts and shield cables from abrasion. Jib cranes with long booms and powerful trolleys are the most common applications for festoon systems.

1.10 Power for Jib Cranes

A jib crane's power source can be pneumatic or electrical, and air or power lines can be found at the top of the mast to power the hoist, trolley, and rotation of the boom. The positioning of the hoist utilizing the trolley and the lifting motion of the hoist are all powered by push button controls.

Depending on the jib crane's design, the operator controls the crane with a push-button pendant system or a wireless system. The operator is in charge of both systems' lift, positioning, and lowering of the load. Controls are made to prevent the operator from being in the load's path and to make it simple for them to move the load.

1.11 Rotation Stop

Rotation stops are safety devices that halt the crane's rotation before it collides with another object or device. If a jib crane is placed close to a wall or column, these are required. A jib crane's mobility is restricted by stops that are permanently welded to the crane's mast. In addition to fixed rotational stops, the crane's mobility can be constrained with adjustable stops when machinery is nearby.

1.12 Environmental Elements

It may be required to take precautions to safeguard a jib crane's mechanism depending on where it is located. These precautions include using galvanized metals to prevent corrosion, enclosures for potentially explosive applications, and protection from heat, dust, filth, and moisture.

2. Uses for Jib Cranes

Jib cranes are designed to lessen and streamline repeated lifting activities and minimize the amount of manual effort. Jib cranes can be customized to meet the requirements of any lifting or load-bearing application thanks to their various styles. Jib cranes are among the most functional, high-capacity, and reasonably priced instruments available.

Jib cranes have countless uses and applications because of their capacity to precisely lift and position big, awkward items. They can be found on production lines to supply big items as well as in auto shops to move engines. Manufacturers are always coming up with new and improved applications for this adaptable and dependable equipment.

2.1 Manufacturing with Jib Cranes

Jib cranes play a significant role in the assembly process. They are positioned close to manufacturing lines for material handling and transport, and they are put up at workstations to help employees with assembly processes. Jib cranes have significantly improved productivity while easing the burden on workers. Jib crane operation is convenient because it allows for easy access to supplies, which speeds up and improves the efficiency of operations.

Jib cranes are used in production lines where big pieces of equipment are put together to carry parts from one assembly location to another. Transfers are rapid and simple thanks to their simple functioning.

2.2 Cranes for Shipping

Cranes have historically been used in various ways to load and unload ships and trucks during shipping. Many times, the cranes are very powerful and massive, with a capacity of several tons. Jib cranes, which can easily load and unload vessels as well as transfer items off the dock or load them onto trucks, are scattered among the large cranes.

2.3 Building Industry

The difficulties of transporting heavy materials to remote areas are a perennial problem for the construction sector. Buildings with multiple floors and subsurface foundations may be affected by these circumstances. Jib cranes' special features enable them to move and position stacks of items into these challenging places, reducing manual labor and time requirements while also increasing efficiency.

2.4 Storage of supplies and warehousing

Gantry and overhead cranes, which can move the full length of a complex and raise enormous loads, are cranes that are frequently found in warehouses and supply storage facilities. Cranes that are powerful and heavy-duty are essential in such operations because they increase the effectiveness and speed of material handling. Jib cranes are frequently added to and supplemented by larger, more powerful cranes in warehouses. To load items into trucks or arrange them on a production line, they offer the precision and accuracy required.

Content Menu